- C6-Th2 spinosus process
- Laterally costae 2-5
- Th1-Th4 Nn. Intercostalis
- Elevation of costae 2-5
- Contralateral rotation of cervical spine
The muscle is located below the upper part of M. trapezius. It is thin and flat.
- Sometimes causes pain when forced to breathe
- Raising and lowering the ribs can cause pain.
- Trigger points in the muscle can cause pain locally and into the back-little finger of the arm.
- To reach the muscle, the scapulae first need to be abducted.
- Dry needling
- Stretch (home stretch and by therapist)
- Cervical traction
- Heating / Cooling